There are times when your Linux server seems to be offline or otherwise inaccessible, you should always be able to log in with your web console, using Putty. Once logged in, test your web server’s internet connection using pinc and a public IP address, such as Google’s DNS server, which is most likely to reply provided your internet connection works.
Linux-based operating systems are amazing; however, they’re not the most secure by default and more configurations are required for a new web server installation in order to ensure it’s properly hardened and secure from bad actors. And all of this starts with making sure that users’ passwords are actually complex and not just the name of their cats. If users set weak passwords for their accounts, it becomes easy for hackers to brute-force and compromise them.
Services on Linux are really important. They’re programs that run in the background outside the interactive control of system users as they lack an interface. The reason for this is that some of these services are crucial for the correct functioning of the operating system.
Log files are the all-important records that Linux stores for administrators to keep track and monitor important events on the webserver, kernel, services, and the applications running on it. Linux provides a centralized repository of log files that can be located under the /var/log directory. All log files generated in a Linux environment can typically be classified into four different categories:
Apache is an open-source web server solution, developed and maintained by the Apache Software Foundation and a super active community, that runs over 60% of all the web servers in the world.